Jul 9, 2023

How to Use AMMs: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners


    Cryptocurrency and decentralized finance (DeFi) have opened up new possibilities for individuals to participate in the global financial ecosystem. Automated Market Makers (AMMs) are one of the key innovations in DeFi, providing users with a decentralized and efficient way to trade and provide liquidity to earn passive income. If you're new to AMMs and want to learn how to use them, this step-by-step guide is here to help. In this article, we'll walk you through the process of using AMMs, empowering you to navigate the world of decentralized trading with confidence.

    Are you a beginner interested in the world of decentralized finance? Want to learn how to use Automated Market Makers (AMMs) and earn passive income? You're in the right place! In this step-by-step guide for beginners, we will walk you through the process of using AMMs, helping you understand the fundamental concepts, navigate the platforms, and potentially generate passive income through liquidity provision and trading. Let's dive in and unlock the possibilities of AMMs together!

    This is not investment advice. Always do your own research and consult with a financial advisor.

    Section 1: Choosing an AMM Platform

    Before you can start using AMMs, you need to choose a suitable platform that aligns with your trading preferences. There are several popular AMM platforms available, such as Uniswap, SushiSwap, Balancer, and PancakeSwap. Each platform offers its own unique features, user interface, and token offerings. Take the time to research and compare different platforms to find the one that best suits your needs. Consider factors such as user experience, available tokens, liquidity, transaction fees, and community reputation. Look for platforms with a strong track record and active development to ensure a reliable and secure trading experience.

    Section 2: Setting up a Wallet

    To interact with AMMs, you'll need a cryptocurrency wallet that supports the Ethereum blockchain. MetaMask, Trust Wallet, Ledger Live, and MyEtherWallet are popular wallet options that provide a secure and user-friendly experience. Choose a wallet that meets your requirements and follow the instructions to set it up on your device. Ensure that you securely store your wallet's seed phrase or private keys, as they are crucial for accessing and managing your funds. Remember, wallet security is of utmost importance in the crypto space.

    Section 3: Funding Your Wallet

    Once you have your wallet set up, you'll need to fund it with the necessary cryptocurrencies. Ether (ETH) is the primary medium of exchange in the Ethereum ecosystem and is often required to interact with AMMs. You can purchase ETH from a reputable cryptocurrency exchange and transfer it to your wallet address. Ensure that you use a trusted exchange and follow the necessary security measures during the transaction. It's recommended to start with a small amount of funds until you become more comfortable with the process.

    Section 4: Accessing the AMM Platform

    With your wallet funded, it's time to access the AMM platform of your choice. Open your web browser and navigate to the platform's website. Depending on the platform, you may be required to connect your wallet to the platform by clicking on a "Connect Wallet" or similar button. This connection enables secure interactions with the AMM platform while maintaining control over your funds. Follow the platform's instructions to connect your wallet. You may need to authorize the connection using your wallet's password or biometric authentication.

    Section 5: Understanding Liquidity Pools

    Liquidity pools are the heart of AMMs. They consist of pairs of tokens deposited by liquidity providers, which enable seamless trading for users. Before you start trading or providing liquidity, it's essential to understand how liquidity pools work. In a liquidity pool, the prices of tokens are determined based on the ratio of tokens available in the pool. As more users trade against the pool, the token prices adjust dynamically to maintain balance. Liquidity providers earn fees from trades in proportion to their share of the liquidity pool. Take the time to familiarize yourself with the specific dynamics and rules of the AMM platform you're using.

    Section 6: Providing Liquidity and Starting to earn passive income

    To become a liquidity provider, navigate to the "Provide Liquidity" or similar section on the AMM platform. Choose the token pair you wish to provide liquidity for. Ensure that you have an equal value of both tokens to maintain the balance in the liquidity pool. Specify the amount of each token you want to deposit and confirm the transaction using your wallet. Once the transaction is confirmed on the blockchain, you become a liquidity provider in the chosen pool - and are entitled to earn passive income. By providing liquidity, you contribute to the efficiency of the AMM platform and earn passive income through trading fees.

    Section 7: Trading on the AMM

    Now that you have provided liquidity to a pool, you can start trading on the AMM platform. Select the "Trade" or "Swap" section and choose the token pair you want to trade. Enter the desired amount of tokens you wish to exchange and review the estimated transaction details, including the exchange rate and any applicable fees. Confirm the transaction using your wallet and wait for it to be executed on the blockchain.

    Section 8: Managing Your Liquidity

    As a liquidity provider, it's important to manage your positions effectively. Monitor the performance of your liquidity pools and consider rebalancing if necessary. Keep an eye on the fees earned from your liquidity provision and track the overall performance of your portfolio. Regularly assess the risks and rewards associated with your participation in liquidity provision.

    Section 9: Withdrawing Your Funds

    If you decide to exit your liquidity provision position or need to access your funds for other purposes, you can withdraw your tokens from the liquidity pool. Navigate to the "Withdraw" or "Remove Liquidity" section of the AMM platform. Specify the amount of tokens you want to withdraw and confirm the transaction using your wallet. The platform will return the tokens to your wallet address along with any accrued rewards.

    Section 10: Understanding Impermanent Loss and Hedging Strategies

    One of the key considerations when providing liquidity on AMMs is the concept of impermanent loss. Impermanent loss occurs when the value of the tokens in a liquidity pool changes relative to their initial value when compared to simply holding the tokens. It is important to understand this phenomenon and explore strategies to hedge against potential losses.

    Impermanent loss primarily arises from the price volatility of the tokens in the liquidity pool. As traders swap between tokens, the pool adjusts its token ratios to maintain balance. If the price of one token increases significantly compared to the other, the pool will sell the appreciating token, resulting in a reduction of its value. Liquidity providers may experience impermanent loss when they withdraw their funds if the value of the tokens has changed during their participation.

    While impermanent loss is inherent to the functioning of AMMs, there are several strategies you can employ to hedge against its impact:

    1. Pair Stablecoins or Assets with Similar Volatility

    Pairing stablecoins or assets with similar volatility in a liquidity pool can help mitigate impermanent loss. Stablecoins, such as USDT or DAI, have relatively stable prices compared to volatile cryptocurrencies like ETH or BTC. By providing liquidity to stablecoin pairs, the chances of experiencing significant impermanent loss due to price fluctuations are reduced.

    2. Consider Providing Liquidity for Long-Term

    When providing liquidity, it is important to consider the time horizon of your investment. The longer you remain invested in a liquidity pool, the more likely impermanent loss will be offset by trading fees and potential price reversals. Short-term fluctuations may result in impermanent loss, but over time, the impact can diminish as the market stabilizes.

    3. Diversify Your Liquidity Provision

    Diversification is a key risk management strategy in DeFi, and it can be applied to mitigating impermanent loss as well. By diversifying your liquidity provision across multiple liquidity pools and asset pairs, you spread the risk of impermanent loss. If one pool experiences significant impermanent loss, gains from other pools may offset the overall impact.

    4. Stay Informed and Monitor Market Conditions

    Being proactive and staying informed about market conditions can significantly reduce the impact of impermanent loss. Keep an eye on market trends, news, and events that could affect the value of the tokens in the liquidity pool. By monitoring and adjusting your liquidity provision strategy accordingly, you can make informed decisions and potentially mitigate losses.

    It's important to note that while these strategies can help hedge against impermanent loss, they do not completely eliminate the risk. Impermanent loss is a trade-off for participating in AMMs and providing liquidity. Before implementing any hedging strategy, thoroughly research and understand its implications, including associated costs and potential limitations.

    By combining these strategies and staying informed, you can optimize your liquidity provision on AMMs and potentially reduce the impact of impermanent loss. Remember, impermanent loss is a natural aspect of AMMs, and it's crucial to assess your risk tolerance and investment objectives before engaging in liquidity provision.

    Now that you understand impermanent loss and hedging strategies, you're well-equipped to navigate the world of AMMs with greater confidence and make informed decisions that align with your investment goals.


    Congratulations! You have successfully learned how to use AMMs. Remember to stay informed about the latest developments in the DeFi space, and always exercise caution when participating in decentralized finance. This is not investment advice. Always do your own research.


    1. Can I lose money by providing liquidity to an AMM? Yes, there is a risk of impermanent loss when providing liquidity to AMMs. The value of your assets in the pool may fluctuate, resulting in potential losses compared to simply holding the tokens.

    2. Are there fees associated with using AMMs? Yes, AMMs typically charge trading fees, which are distributed to liquidity providers as a reward for their participation.

    3. Can I trade any token on an AMM? AMMs support a wide range of tokens, but the availability may vary depending on the platform. Ensure that the tokens you want to trade are supported by the AMM platform you choose.

    4. How do I find the best liquidity pools to provide liquidity? Research and analyze the tokens and their trading volumes on different platforms. Look for pools with high liquidity and active trading activity to maximize your potential returns.

    5. Is it safe to use AMMs? AMMs are built on decentralized blockchain technology, which provides a high level of security. However, it's important to follow best practices such as using reputable platforms, securing your wallet, and being cautious of potential scams or phishing attempts.

    This step-by-step guide has equipped you with the necessary knowledge to navigate the world of AMMs as a beginner. Remember to start with small amounts, familiarize yourself with the platforms you choose, and stay informed about the latest developments in the DeFi space. Happy trading and providing liquidity on AMMs!